Hand Carving up a map of Southwestern United States

World War I cartoon shows a hand in a gauntlet (decorated with the imperial German eagle) carving up a map of the Southwestern United States. Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas are labeled “For Mexico.” California is labeled “For Japan(?)” The rest of the country is labeled “For Myself.” In the spring of 1917, the British government intercepted and turned over to the United States a message from German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann to the Government of Mexico, urging Mexico to join with Japan and declare war on the United States. Zimmermann suggested that this would be a way for Mexico to reclaim the Southwestern states lost during the Mexican War. American outrage following the publication of the Zimmermann Telegram was one of the factors causing the U.S. to declare war on Germany. Berryman follows the popular notion that the German Kaiser was the force behind German aggression.

This cartoon was published in March of 1917.

Document Type: Political Cartoon
Historical Event: New Mexico Role in WW I Era (1916-1919)
Sub Event: Pancho Villa Invades NM
Origin: Library of Congress
Date: March 1, 1917
Author: Clifford Kennedy Berryman
Permission: Public Domain
Contributor: Tammie Torres
Albuquerque Historical Society

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