New Mexico Role in WW I Era (1916-1919)

The following are source documents which cover the New Mexico Role in WW I Era (1916-1919). They are intended to be used for teaching New Mexico history.

Pancho Villa Invades NM

  • Almost Escapes on Villa's Horse
    Newspaper Article - Western Liberal, Lordsburg, NM
    This 1916 newspaper article is a first-person description of the abduction, experiences and release of a Mormon colonist in Northern Mexico by Pancho Villa's forces just prior to and during his attack on Columbus, New Mexico. It provides some
  • General Francisco (Pancho) Villa on Horseback
    Photograph - National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress, Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-npcc-19554
    Photograph of General Francisco (Pancho) Villa on horseback, taken sometime between 1908 and
  • General Pershing
    Photograph - US Army
    This is a photo of General Pershing looking over notes at his camp for the US Army Punitive Expedition in
  • General Pershing at Camp
    Photograph - Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress
    Photo of General John J. Pershing at camp during US Army Punitive Expedition in Mexico.  This photo was taken in
  • Hand Carving up a map of Southwestern United States
    Political Cartoon - Library of Congress
    World War I cartoon shows a hand in a gauntlet (decorated with the imperial German eagle) carving up a map of the Southwestern United States. Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas are labeled "For Mexico." California is labeled "For Japan(?)" The rest of
  • Mexican War 1914: Large Group of Federal Prisoners
    Photograph - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
    This is a photo of a large group of Federal Mexican War prisoners in
  • Pancho Villa - Uncle Sam Berryman Cartoon
    Political Cartoon - 1916 Cartoon by Clifford K. Berryman, via National Archive Berryman Collection
    In this 1916 Political cartoon, Uncle Sam leaps across the border fence with Mexico to chase Pancho Villa saying “I've Had About Enough of
  • Pershing's Camp
    Photograph - Underwood & Underwood
    This photo is at General Pershing's camp in Mexico during his punitive expedition. It shows Pershing's men baking bread in a oven for the
  • The Pershing "Punitive" Expedition
    Political Cartoon - Cabinet of American Illustration Collection, Library of Congress
    This political cartoon shows Pershing "pursuit" of Pancho Villa in Mexico. The cartoon is making fun at the fact that Pershing was having difficulty in finding and capturing Villa. The cartoon was published in 1916 and is part of the Cabinet of
  • Villa & Staff, Mexico
    Photograph - George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress
    Photo shows Francisco "Pancho" Villa (at the "X"), Calixto Contreras (4th from left) and Fidel Avila (3rd from right), at Hacienda de Bustillos, Chihuahua
  • Zimmermann Telegram
    Primary Document - U.S. National Archives
    The Zimmermann Telegram was a 1917 coded message from the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire, Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckard, offering United States territory to Mexico in return for joining the German


Flu Epidemic

  • A Proclamation
    Newspaper Article - The Roswell Daily Record
    This is a proclamation issued by the Governor of New Mexico designed to curb the spread of the Spanish
  • All Public Places In Farmington Closed
    Newspaper Article - Farmington Times Hustler
    The Farmington Board of Health closed all schools and other public places as a precautionary
  • Board of Health Lifts Ban on Churches and Schools Sunday
    Newspaper Article - Roswell Daily Record
    It was considered that the flu epidemic had passed Roswell and the ban on churches, schools, and theaters could be
  • Flu Epidemic Passes and Ban is Removed
    Newspaper Article - Farmington Times Hustler
    The six-week quarantine on meetings, churches, shows, and schools was lifted for Aztec and
  • Flu Situation In New Mexico
    Newspaper Article - Farmington Times Hustler
    This article discusses how the New Mexico State Board of Health was underfunded and how the Red Cross assisted in dealing with some 20,000 cases and 2,000
  • Health Talk
    Newspaper Article - House Pioneer News
    Treatments for influenza, bronchitis, and pheumonia are
  • How to Fight Spanish Influenza
    Newspaper Article - House Pioneer News
    The article recommends avoiding crowds, coughs, and cowards, but fearing neither germs or Germans. Recommendations include having a clean mouth, a clean skin, and clean
  • How to Use Vick's Vaporub in Treating Spanish Influenza
    Newspaper Article - Hope Penasco Valley Press
    The article deals with the symptoms, the treatments, how to apply external applications of VapoRub, and how to avoid Spanish
  • New Mexico State News
    Newspaper Article - Ft. Sumner Review
    The article reported on cases of Spanish Influenza in Albuquerque (450 on Oct 17) and Roy
  • Notice of Quarantine
    Newspaper Article - Roswell Daily Record
    The City of Roswell Board of Health established a quarantine whereby the only people that could enter or leave the New Mexico Military Institute grounds would be physicians, nurses, and Institute
  • Notice to the Public
    Newspaper Article - Roswell Daily Record
    The Roswell Board of Health closed all places of business except drugstores, hotels, restaurants, filling stations, and garages for specified
  • Pithy News Items Gathered From All Over New Mexico
    Newspaper Article - House Pioneer News
    Among news items were reports that draft calls for WWI were cancelled because of the flu, where 94 NM soldiers had died with 41 from pneumonia, flu, and
  • Six Millions Die of Spanish Flu in Last Twelve Weeks
    Newspaper Article - Albuquerque Morning Journal
    The article point out that some 6 million people have died of influenza and pneumonia throughout the world in the last 12
  • Spanish Influenza
    Newspaper Article - Hope Penasco Valley Press
    The article discusses infectious health effects on people and recommends preventative
  • Spanish Influenza - Just Grip Camouflaged under A New Name
    Newspaper Article - Albuquerque Morning Journal
    Article says that Spanish Flu is simply the old-fashioned Grip and that it has been in the US five times since

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